What is Medical Technology?

what is medical technology

What is the history of health technology?

The acceleration in healthcare technology began at the turn of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries with the invention of stethoscope by Rene Laenecc in 1815 and advances made in pathology and microbiology by Robert Kosch, Louis Pasteur, etc. Roentgen’s accidental discovery of X-Ray in 1895 and its medical applications furthered advancements in medical technology. The medical use of computers in the early 1950s gave rise to a new branch of health informatics.

What are the types of health technology?

The classification of healthcare technology consist of medical devices (instruments built by humans that treat diseases), biotechnology (uses living organisms or systems to treat diseases), informatics (processing scientific information data to arrive at medical solutions), and pharmaceutical and life sciences (vaccines, drugs, and other hormone related treatment techniques that does not necessarily involve machines).

How health/Medical technology is used to diagnose, monitor or treat diseases or medical conditions?

Over the past 15 years, there has been rapid growth in the use of innovative diagnostic technologies, such as digital radiography, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Once images from the diagnostic tests are analyzed, doctors and surgeons can discuss the best course of treatment. Vital heart monitors can measure ECG even when the individual is mobile. Pressure and temperature sensors help to continuously monitor a patient’s vital signs.

How does health technology help doctors and hospitals?

In hospitals, health technology helps in the formation of a central network hub which can be used to transfer digital records of patient details from one place to another in the hospital. Central database servers help technicians to keep track of numerous patient details. Advances in surgical technology help surgeons to perform complicated surgeries with more accuracy due to the diagnostic devices.

How does health technology help Patients?

Laparoscopy and other minimally invasive surgical techniques result in minimal loss of blood, quick healing time, and easy recovery. Research advances in Anesthesiology have helped surgeons choose the right method of anesthesia to prevent lots of pain. Most of the diagnostic tests have been designed to give spontaneous, accurate results which help the patient have a say in choosing the course of treatment.

Major breakthroughs in Health/Medical technology?

The most iconic breakthroughs in medical technology over the past two decades is the introduction of telehealth practices, mobile health portals, advancement of imaging devices, robotic surgery, vaccines to cure polio, smallpox, and similar devices, wearable sensors to monitor vital signs, artificial organ implants, bionics, defibrillators, contact lenses, etc.

What is the future of health technology?

One of the main components in the future of health technology will result from the success of the Human Genome Project established in 2000 to identify the function of every gene in the human body. Gene-specific drugs to treat fatal diseases like cancer may be developed. Artificial Intelligence may provide voice-controlled instructions to surgeons during the performance of complex surgeries. Robots that may be trained to perform surgeries on their own without human support are being tested.


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